1997 Toyota Tacoma – Nowadays everyone is a comedian. In the age of YouTube, it just takes a lot of leisure time to create a smartphone, an internet connection, and a video that exposes your prank styling to the rest of the world. Courtesy of google And when the boy calls an auto parts store and unfortunately wants a description of the shape replacement part, they are satisfied on their own.
Toyota’s sixth-generation compact pickup debuted in April, as a 1995.5 model, an actual model name: Tacoma. It is supposed to suggest inaccessible outdoors, as well as energy and adventure. Any one of the three powerful new engines goes under the hood, and the pickup operates a new chassis. Toyota targets aggressive styling, inside and out, and the Tacoma plays an excellent selection of interior fittings. Regular and extended extracab body shots are available, with either two or four wheel drive. A deep sculptural grille / hood / fender structure truck provides a sporty personality, to attract customers who choose their 4 x 4 in non-utility fields.
The two-wheel drive Tacoma gets a 2.4-liter four-cylinder base engine, rated at 142 horsepower (26 more than the previous generation). The Tacoma 4 x 4 produces a 150 horsepower, 2.7-liter four. Toyota claims that its four-cylinder engine is comparable to the V6 from competitors. But if these aren’t enough, consider the latest V6 option: a dual-overhead-cam, 24-valve unit that whips up to 190 horsepower and 220 feet of torque. With the V6 Power, borrowed from the Big T100, this compact pickup can tow up to 5,000 pounds and can firmly whip any factory sport truck at stoplight draggars. In contrast, the V6 engine available in the previous generation pickup delivers only 150 horsepower and 180 feet of pounds.
All Tacomas have front coil springs instead of the former torsion bars, but the 4x4s have longer suspension trips than before to improve ride / handling qualities, whether on or off-road. The width of the track has also been increased for a more stable ride. Rack-and-pinion steering replaces the old recirculating-ball configuration, for better feel and response. Manual-shift trucks add reverse-gear synchronization features, to reduce gear noise when shifting in reverse. Four-wheel antilock braking is an option, but all pickups have an airbag for the driver. In top-line SR5 Extracab pickups, a one-touch Hi-4 switch is available for easy, pushbutton engagement of four-wheel-drive. By redesigning and lowering the floor by 1.6 inches, the Toyota 4X4 makes it easy to enter.
Tacoma is produced in the NUMI joint-venture facility in Fremont, California, which is designed in that state. Options include cruise control, air conditioning, a sliding rear window, tilt steering wheel and moonroof. We like Tacoma, but it raises questions about the value it represents. This new Toyota truck does not come cheap. Assume that you pay this price for peace of mind by providing a Toyota.
Below is an example of a typical prank call, where Jack is from “Redneck Rides”. The broker-faced collar T was particularly pleased with himself because he explained to the parts professional that he had bought a water-pump gasket from a competitor’s shop, but that it “didn’t fit properly because it was the wrong size.” He then asked Counter Pro to describe the gasket, hoping for a falcon reference to tease his dozen viewers.
Most importantly, if you’ve ever been on the other end of this prank call, we’d like to know how you handled it. And if you’re new to the parts profession, be aware that if someone asks you to describe a water-pump gasket for a 1997 Toyota Tacoma, it’s probably a fancy “comedian” trying to butt you a dumb joke.
Wheel bearings can be the most misunderstood component of a vehicle, and confusion can drive gamut from technicians to service departments. Undoubtedly, however, motorists will have the most questions.
Much of this confusion stems from the type of bearings used in automobiles and was common until the 1990s. Initially, I am talking about tapered roller bearings. Cleaning and re-packing these bearings was such a common service that most vehicle owners came to expect it, just like the 3,000 mile oil change and regular tune-up.
Even to this day, when a customer hears “wheel bearing”, many of them expect a cheaper service or a cheaper part. Many aspects of automotive technology – airbags, antilock braking systems and tire-pressure monitoring systems, for example – are well known. But, wheel bearings have always been in the shadows, we need to interpret them as automotive professionals.
Although most counter pro and technicians are familiar with the fact that sealed wheel bearings and bearing-hub units are responsible for most wheel bearings on vehicles today, not many car owners. Or they are not familiar with the different types and how they relate to the overall design of the steering and suspension systems.
At the most basic level, all wheel bearings are simply roller bearings – which means they contain rolling material. Different types of roller bearings include cylinder roller bearings, tapered roller bearings, barrel roller bearings, needle bearings and ball bearings. The rollers are trapped in a cage to hold them in place, and then located between an inner and outer ring. Each ring has a groove called a race, where the rolling elements roll.
Tapered roller bearings are one of the most well-known and recognized types of bearing bearings, but other types were commonly used for axle bearings or applications where a gear oil provides lubrication as opposed to a grease.
Wheel bearing causes incredible amounts of abuse due to different types of loads on the vehicle, such as cornering, acceleration, braking, holes and vehicle weight. These factors, along with the increasing demand of automotive engineering, create the need for bearings that provide low maintenance, low weight, reduction of friction, low noise and long service life.
A compact bearing unit, known to many technicians and counter pros as “sealed wheel bearings”, was the first major technological advancement. Bearings This style was constructed of two sets of caged rollers: a one-piece outer ring / two inner rings / race with race. The whole unit was pressed together, oiled and sealed, creating a maintenance-free bearing. These are known as generation
With a slight variation in design, the Generation 1 bearings were pressed into a steering knuckle and held in place by a kind of snap ring. A wheel hub was then pressed into the bearing and an axle shaft would slip through the hub (the splines of both would meet together), eventually transferring power from the shaft to the wheel. Early front-wheel-drive (FWD) cars are where most of us saw early flow using Generation 1 bearings.
As the ABS and traction-control systems come into view, these bearings will also have a sensor ring or pick-up. Installing these bearings was sometimes a time consuming process, and eventually care had to be taken to properly support the inner and outer rings when pressing the bearing and hub space. If the bearing has a sensor ring or pick-up, care must be taken to install it in the right direction, as the bearing looks the same at a glance, in many cases.
A Generation 2 bearing as well as a compact bearing unit, but a flange has already been pressed into place. The flanges can be either a wheel hub or a mounting flange, and they have been used for both driven and non-driven axles. A common use for some of the first generation 2 bearings was the rear of a front-wheel-drive vehicle. The Generation 2 bearing stub will slide over the axle and be held in place by a nut. These bearings came with or without ABS-sensor rings depending on the application.
A Generation 3 bearing, also the same compact bearing unit, is built with two flanges. One is a wheel hub, and a mounting flange to bolt with a steering knuckle. These can come with or without ABS-sensor rings, and in many cases, the whole sensor is built into the bearing assembly. Generation 3 bearings are the most common type used today and are used in driven and non-driven axles. Theoretically, Generation 3 bearings are one of the easiest to install, but rust and corrosion can sometimes make it very difficult. Regardless of the bearing generation, following the proposed service method is important to maximize the lifespan of new bearings (and prevent customer returns). Hub-bearing removal and installation, for example, is a process that requires strict adherence to service information, especially torque specifications. Deviations from the proposed procedures could put the hub assembly at risk of premature failure, and create an unsafe situation for drivers and passengers. It can also bring unnecessary returns to the parts counter.